Biography of Theobald Böhm (1794-1881)

Born in Munich, first of eleven children of a goldsmith
First lessons with a flageolett
Changes to the flute
Works in the shop of his father
Sells his instruments after successful development of a four-key flute guided by Genser. At the same time lessons from Capeller and cooperation with hin in the enhancement of the instrumental technic.
Beside his working as a goldsmith first flutist at the Isarthor theatre.
Employment as first flutist at the royal court band in Munich, at the same time studies of composition with Grätz and instrumentation with Stuntz
Marriage with Anna Rohrleitner.
First premiere of a composition of his own (concerto in G) in Munich, dedicated to Fürstenau
Concert tour of one year through Germany
Birth of his daughter Maria
Birth of his son Ludwig
Second tour through Germany, this time together with Molique
Birth of his son Karl
Concert journey throuth Switzerland and Southern Germany
Birth of his son Theobald
From June to August concert tour through Austria and Northern Italy, in October foundation of a flute work shop
Birth of son Wilhelm
Birth of his son Max
Birth of his son August
Making of a ring key flute
First concert using the new flute in the Odeon
Visit of Gordon for a few months. He makes Böhm make the flute of his own concept.
Birth of his son Otto
Presentation of the new flute at the academy of science in Paris
Knight of first class of the Bavarian Order of the holy Michael
Stops his work as a flute maker to have more time for other topics.
Arrangement with Rudall & Rose, who will make the flutes designed by Böhm.
Teacher of Moritz Fürstenau.
Studies acoustics at the Munich university and decision for cylindrical flutes.
Publication of his book "Über den Flötenbau und die neuesten Verbesserungen desselben". In the same year re-opening of the workshop and building of the first metal flute.
Presentation of his latest instrument and his book about flute building at the Parisian world exhibition.
The first alto flute leaves his workshop
Publication of his second book: "Die Flöte und das Flötenspiel in akustischer, rechnischer und artistischer Beziehung"
Known as the best flutist of his time in Germany beside Anton Bernhard Fürstenau. Contemporaries said his tone to be better than that of Drouet and Fürstenau. Technically he could not cope with them.
Teacher of more than 100 students, among them besides Moritz Fürstenau Karl Krueger, Carl Wehner and Rudolf Tillmetz and composer of about 100 compositions and editions.
Dies in Munich
Buried on the southern cemetery

Sheet music for flute:

24 Melodious Studies op. 37 (Etüde)
Rating: mid-grade
3 Lieder aus dem Schwanengesang von Franz Schubert
CD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(alto flute, piano)
Zimmermann, ZM 35180
Rating: mid-grade
  1. Ständchen
  2. Das Fischermädchen
  3. Am Meer
The underlying poems are included in this edition.
Die Bearbeitungen mit Altflöte
CD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(flute, alto flute (clarinet (english horn (violin))), piano)
Zimmermann, ZM 33880
Rating: easy
  1. La Pesca aus Soirées musicales (G. Rossini)
  2. La Serenata aus Soirées musicales (G. Rossini)
  3. Sonatine aus Pièces faciles op. 3 (C. M. v. Weber)
  4. Romance aus Pièces faciles, op. 3 (C. M. v. Weber)
  5. Cantabile aus 32 Préludes pour l'orgue (G. J. Vogler)
Parts and score, also for each alternatives to alto flute.
Fantasie - über ein Thema von Schubert op. 21 (As-Dur)
edition on amazonCD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(flute, piano)
Rating: difficult
  1. Introduktion (Andante)
  2. Thema (Andante)
  3. Var. 1-3
  4. Adagio
  5. Rondo Allegretto
The melody variied is the Trauerwalzer op. 9 by Schubert.
Grande Polonaise op. 16 (D-Dur)
edition on amazonCD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(flute, piano)
Rating: difficult
  1. Introduktion (Adagio maestoso)
  2. Polonaise
Larghetto op. 35 (f-moll)
edition on amazonCD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(flute, piano)
Rating: difficult
  1. Larghetto
Larghetto - aus dem Klarinettenquintett KV 581 (D-Dur) (Bearbeitung)
CD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(alto flute, piano)
Rating: mid-grade
  1. Adagio
The slowly movement of the clarinet concerto was transcribed for alto flute by Böhm at the time he built his first alto.
Trois Duos de Mendelssohn et Lachner
edition at jpcCD-Aufnahmen bei jpc.deMP3-Download bei
(2 flutes, piano)
Bärenreiter, BA6895
Rating: mid-grade
  1. Allegretto non troppo
  2. Allegro agitato
  3. Allegro non troppo

CDs with/from Theobald Böhm

  1. Georg Philipp Telemann: Fantaisie en fa dièse mineur (04:52:00)
  2. Georg Philipp Telemann: Fantaisie en mi mineur (04:50:00)
  3. Theobald Böhm: Air allemand (05:12:00)
  4. Johann Sebastian Bach: Partita a-moll BWV 1013:
  5. I. Allemande (05:48:00)
  6. II. Corrente (03:50:00)
  7. III. Sarabande (04:52:00)
  8. IV. Bourrée anglaise (01:52:00)
  9. Niccolo Paganini: 24e Caprice (06:39:00)
  10. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: Sonate a-moll:
  11. I. Poco adagio (05:43:00)
  12. II. Allegro  (04:07:00)
  13. III. Allegro (03:04:00)
  14. Claude Debussy: Syrinx (02:48:00)
  15. André Jolivet: Incantation (02:33:00)
  16. Pierre-Octave Ferroud: Jade (02:24:00)
  17. Franco Donatoni: Nidi (07:05:00)
  18. Paul-Agricole Génin: Carnaval de Venise (05:07:00)
Auf dieser Aufnahme wurden Original-Instrumente des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts verwendet.
Académ European Solist, Claudio Casadei, Claudio Ferrarini
Theobald Böhm (1999)
Elaborazione per flauto e archi di Emilio Ghezzi
    Théme varié de "La Molinara" da G. Paisiello:
  1. Andante (02:20:00)
  2. Andantino Théme "Nel cor piu non mi sento" (01:27:00)
  3. Var. 1 (01:33:00)
  4. Var 2 Più moto (01:05:00)
  5. Var. 3 (01:14:00)
  6. Var. 4 Più lento (01:50:00)
  7. Var. 5 (01:16:00)
  8. Var. 6 (01:05:00)
  9. Grande Polonaise op. 16:
  10. Adagio maestoso (02:42:00)
  11. Polonaise (09:33:00)
  12. "Fantasia le Desir" su un tema di Schubert, op. 21:
  13. Andante (02:32:00)
  14. Le Desir, Tema (01:03:00)
  15. Var. 1 (01:06:00)
  16. Var. 2 (01:09:00)
  17. Var. 3 (01:19:00)
  18. Adagio (02:58:00)
  19. Rondo Allegretto (03:12:00)
  20. "Fantasie" sur des thème Suisse in E-Dur, op. 23:
  21. Introduzione (02:16:00)
  22. Andante, Thème (01:13:00)
  23. Var. 1 Più lento (01:35:00)
  24. Var. 2 Presto (01:23:00)
  25. Var. 3 Più lento (01:29:00)
  26. Adagio (02:08:00)
  27. Var. 4 Allegro (01:31:00)
Marie-Christine Amann, Michel Roublot
Variations - Art &Virtuosite
  1. Paul-Agricole Génin: Air Napolitain - Theme & variations (00:00:00)
  2. Frederick Chopin: Sur un theme de Cendrillon, opera de Rossini, Variations 1,2,3 & 4 (00:00:00)
  3. Theobald Böhm: Variations brillantes sur un air suisse Theme & variations 1,2 & 3, Adagio & Variation 4 (00:00:00)
  4. Paul-Agricole Génin: Carnaval de Venise op. 14 Theme & variations 1,2,3,5,6 & 8 (00:00:00)
  5. Gioacchino Rossini: Sonate dite opera, extrait de Cendrillon. Theme et variation (00:00:00)
  6. Friedrich Kuhlau: Air irlandais - la Derniere rose de l'ete. Theme et variations 1,4,5,6 & 7 (00:00:00)
  7. Francois Borne: Fantaisie brillante sur Carmen de G. Bizet  (00:00:00)
  8. Théodore Gouvy: Introduction & Polonaise (00:00:00)
Das war ein Geschenk des Institut Theodore Gouvy. Die anderen Werke sind alle mehr oder weniger gut bekannt. Virtuose Flötenmusik, schön gespielt.

Literature von/über Theobald Böhm

Last edit 02.04.2012